Achilles Tendon Rupture

What is it?

A tear in the achilles tendon (heel)

What are the symptoms?

  • Partial rupture: acute sharp pain, increasing with movement
  • Complete rupture: not much pain, bunching of muscle
  • Pop/snapping noise with sensation of something hitting the back of the leg
  • Loss of dorsi and plantar flexion

What are the causes?

  • Usually in older athletes secondary to degeneration and repeated microtrauma
  • Occurs with push-off phase of running
  • Hard surface sports (squash, tennis etc)
  • Occurs 2-4cm above the heel (at location of poorest blood supply)

Achilles Tendon Rupture - A Tear in the Heel